Treatment For Uterine Fibroids
Approximately 7 out of 10 women develop fibroids during their reproductive years, a condition that is especially prevalent among women of color.
Hysterectomy has long been used as a standard treatment for fibroids. In recent years several treatments have become available that can treat fibroids and reduce or eliminate fibroid symptoms without harming the uterus.
Uterine Fibroids Symptoms
Although most uterine fibroids are asymptomatic and often discovered during routine gynecological checkups, some fibroids can sometimes cause problems.
Uterine fibroid symptoms such as pelvic pain, painful intercourse, constipation, urinary frequency and/or loss of urine tend to be caused by a large fibroid(s) pushing against nearby structures. In contrast, heavy menstrual bleeding symptoms caused by fibroids are usually associated with fibroids located in or around the lining of the uterus.
The most common uterine fibroid symptoms include:
Excessive Menstrual Bleeding. Most women with fibroids experience heavy bleeding, sometimes even causing anemia.
Pelciv Cramping & Pain. Uterine fibroids can increase a patient’s chances of painful menstrual cramping.
Pelvic Pressure. A woman with fibroids may experience chronic pelvic pain and pressure as well as pain in the lower back and sides.
Urinary Frequency. If fibroids compress the bladder, patients may find themselves using the bathroom much more frequently than they normally do.
Painful Intercourse. Many women experience pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.
Uterine Fibroid Treatment Options
In most cases, fibroids are treated only if they are causing symptoms. Treatment options may include the following:
None of the drug therapies for uterine fibroids get rid of them entirely. Some of the drugs work by lowering estrogen and/or progesterone and may shrink fibroids and relieve symptoms. Other methods of treatment, such as using contraceptive pills, have been shown to control excessive menstrual bleeding, but do not affect the size of the fibroid.